Periodontal disease is one of the most common oral health problems—it can also be very destructive. Find out more about this disease so you can do your best to protect your oral health.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is also often referred to as gum disease. It is caused by a bacterial infection in your mouth. During the early stages, it is commonly referred to as gingivitis. If caught early, gingivitis is relatively easy to treat. If, however, gingivitis is left unchecked, you are at risk for many serious problems. Your gums will start to pull away from your teeth, leaving you even more vulnerable to infection. This can eventually result in destruction of the gums, tooth decay, and permanent tooth loss. In addition to these oral health problems, periodontal disease has been connected to overall health issues like diabetes and heart problems.
What are the signs of periodontal disease?
Some of the signs of periodontal disease include:
- Sensitive teeth and gums
- Swollen, red, or bleeding gums
- Chronic bad breath
- A persistent bad taste in your mouth
- Receding gums that make your teeth look longer
How can you prevent periodontal disease?
The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to practice simple oral hygiene habits. Brush your teeth for two minutes after meals, floss in between all of your teeth every single day, use a mouthwash that kills bacteria, and go to the dentist for regular cleanings and checkups.
Periodontal disease is more common in people undergoing hormonal changes, so those who are pregnant or going though puberty should take extra good care of their teeth and see the dentist for regular checkups.
How can you treat periodontal disease?
In the early stages, gum disease can be treated by cleaning the infected area and administering medication. If gum disease has progressed further, more serious dental work will be needed. For example, at Centennial Dental Center, dental implants and bone grafting procedures can be used to resolve problems caused by periodontal disease.
To learn more about preventing and treating periodontal disease, schedule an appointment at Centennial Dental Center today.